When Should I Consult a Land Surveyor?
You should consider consulting a land surveyor
before you buy land, before you sell land,
before you do estate planning, before you build
a house, build a road, drill a well, erect a fence,
landscape, and before you develop a resource.
You may not own what you think you own.
Many elements of boundaries can complicate
a survey. Vague, incomplete and contradictory
legal descriptions, passed on through years,
distort and confuse the intentions of the
original owners of the property. Monuments,
lost by careless handling, contribute to location
uncertainties and to the surveyors difficulties
in re-establishing property lines. Previous
subdivisions, done on paper without proper
field measurements and monumentation,
can lead to overlapping claims or gaps in
ownership. These factors are quite often
encountered and can have a significant impact
on the cost of the survey and on the location
of your land. In come cases, the surveyor will
uncover boundary problems which may require
legal action to resolve.
What is a Land Survey?
A land survey is the process of finding,
identifying, measuring and reporting the
location of land features. These land features
take the form of boundaries such as ownership,
jurisdiction (zoning, township) and physical
(water, elevation, soil).
What Does a Surveyor Do to Complete a Survey?
A land surveyor, like a detective, must find all the
facts in order to make the right decision. This
involves researching records, finding evidence in
the field, accurately measuring between points on
the ground, calculating the locations of existing
and new points, evaluating evidence, deciding
where boundaries are located, setting new
permanent monuments, and drafting a plan
showing the results of the survey. It is
recommended that the original plan be filed in
the Registry of Deeds to create a permanent legal
record for you and subsequent owners.
Why Do I Need a Survey?
Why Do You Need a Survey?
Have you ever read a deed description that did
not make sense to you? Do you know where
you can find a copy of the deed to your land?
Does it describe what you think you own?
How many neighbors' names do you recognize
in the description? Do you know if your land
has ever been surveyed? Do you mistake the
plot plan you received from the bank as an
actual boundary survey when, in fact, it states
that it is not? If you are puzzled by the
answers to these questions, you need a survey.
You need to know more about your land in
order to make decisions about the use or
disposition of it.
Land is usually the largest portion of a person's
wealth, yet many people neglect to protect this
asset. Boundaries become unclear without
proper maintenance and can lead to disputes
between neighbors. Buildings constructed too
close to or over property lines result from
unclear boundaries. All these very expensive
and often financially devastating problems can
be avoided by having your land surveyed for
substantially less cost than the cost of litigation
and resulting damages. The cost of a survey is
relatively small when compared to the value of
your land and problems you avoid. You should
have your land surveyed when you need to
know where your boundaries are and whether
the land characteristics such as slopes,
drainage, and access will allow you to do what
you intend to do. A survey helps to reveal the
true value of a parcel of land by showing you
how much of what you own is suitable for a
What Do I Do With A Survey?
A survey plan is the best tool for communicating
what the surveyor has surveyed. A survey
plan has many uses and there are different
types of surveys for differing purposes. A
survey can disclose title problems, recover
lost monuments, reveal the true locations of
property lines, assist you in making decisions
regarding development, estate planning, legal
action and resource management.
Who Does Surveys?
Only a person licensed as a land surveyor by the
New Hampshire Board of Licensure for Land
Surveyors is legally permitted to practice boundary
surveying in New Hampshire. Other forms
of surveying, relating to construction, but not
concerning boundaries, may in some cases, be
performed by some of the related professionals
such as architects and engineers. But to ensure
a quality survey is performed by someone
completely qualified, it is best to first consult a
licensed land surveyor.
How Do I Choose The Right Surveyor?
Ask questions. How much experience does the
surveyor have performing this type of work?
Has the surveyor done similar work in the
past and is he/she familiar with the job's
requirements? How much local knowledge
does the surveyor have?